Plastic is a material mostly made up from the petrochemicals. It contains lots of synthetic and semi-synthetic organic compound. Plastic has many interesting properties such as ease to manufacture, versatility, imperviousness to water and mainly it is available at very low cost. Because of this plastics are widely used at everywhere such as packaging, piping, automobiles, toys, furniture, showpiece, medical field, kitchen appliances, electric devices and lot more.
But now-a-days plastic is considered as a major source of pollution. There are many reasons that plastic is considered as pollution such as plastic is biologically non-degradable. Because the compounds of plastic are too strong that microbes are not able to break them. That means nature does not support it anyway. Secondly, when we burn it plastic produces very harmful gases such as nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide and many more. And third there are plastics called single use plastic like packing bags (less than 50 microns) are the one whom we use only one time and throw it away. And this makes them most harmful type of plastic. Fourth point is that large amount of plastic is disposed in ocean and land every year. If we go with statistics it says that 13 millions of plastic leaks into our ocean every year.
Indus, Brahmaputra and Ganga are one of those ten rivers who carry 90% of plastic in to the ocean. Now-a-days if we see into the river we can spot more amounts of plastic bags, bottles and other plastic materials than fishes. Sometimes marine animals look at plastic and assume it as a food and swallow it. According to one study 100,000 marine animals die because of plastic every year.
According to the report of Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change 25,000 tonnes of plastic are generated every day our country. Out of this only 9000 tonnes is recycled. If we think globally only 9% of plastic is recycled and rest 91% is disposed into the ocean or landfill.
50% of consumer plastic is single use which is highly responsible for land, air and water pollution. First of we all know that plastics are biologically not degradable. So we directly or indirectly dispose in either land in landfills or water sources such as rivers, lakes and ocean. As we know burning plastic produces large amount of toxic gases and this tends to many diseases related to heart and lungs. There are many animals which consume plastic and it causes their death. There are many marine animals which consume plastic and it also causes their death too.
The only environment friendly ways to beat plastic pollution are to reduse, reuse, and recycle it. Which is also called Theory of 3R’s. It means reduse single use plastics, reuse usable items and recycle them as much as possible. Bioplastic is also one of the solution to beat single use plastic. Major advantage of bioplastics is they are biologically degradable. We can reuse single use plastic to make roads too which are highly durable.
The only thing single use plastic gives us is major destruction in environment and in ecology. At the end we have to decide what we want destruction or sustainable development. As a responsible citizen and human being it is our responsibility to beat this single use plastic pollution and make our country Single use plastic free.